Gum Disease (Periodontitis)

Caring for your gums

In adults, gum disease is very common and can result in tooth loss. However, it can be easily treated in the early stages and kept at bay with good mouth care.

What is gum disease?
Gum disease, or periodontal disease, is a condition in which the gum tissue becomes infected by bacteria from dental plaque. This results in damage to the supporting tissues of the teeth and can ultimately cause tooth loss.

How do I know if I have gum disease?
The symptoms of gum disease vary, but the most important symptom is bleeding gums. Other symptoms include bad tastes, bad breath swellings of the gums, recurring abscesses and loosening teeth.

What causes gum disease?
Dental plaque contains bacteria (germs), which can cause both tooth decay and gum disease.

When dental plaque remains in contact with the gums for a prolonged period of time, the gums become swollen and red and they tend to bleed. After a while, the seal between the gums and teeth become damaged. When that happens, the plaque bacteria can get in under the gums and cause further damage underneath them. As a result, “pockets” of infection form under the gums. The dental plaque bacteria is now difficult to get to and cannot be removed by ordinary cleaning alone.

Is gum disease hereditary?
No. Gum disease is caused by bacterial dental plaque. However, some people seem to be able to tolerate some dental plaque better than others. Those people who develop gum disease need to spend a lot more time to ensure that all of the plaque is removed from their mouths.

Does anything make the condition worse?
Yes. Old worn out fillings with rough surfaces and poorly fitting dentures retain dental plaque more easily. Also, some diseases like diabetes make the condition worse. Smoking can increase the rate of damage to the gums and reduces their ability to heal after treatment.

What can I do?

  • Visit your dentist regularly and have your fillings and gums checked.
  • If you need treatment, this will usually involve the removal of all the plaque from under the gums.
  • Ask your dentist or hygienist to show you the best way to look after your gums. These will include advice on flossing, brushing, mouthwashes, etc.
  • When you clean your teeth, make sure that you brush your gums as well in order to remove all the plaque.
  • Using dental floss is essential to reach plaque between the teeth and special brushes may be needed in difficult to reach areas.
  • Remember, the most important part of the treatment is how well you look after your teeth and gums after the plaque has been removed by your dental team.

What is Periodontal Disease?




If Gum disease is not treated then it can progress and result in both loss of appearance and teeth

If you’re looking for qualified dentists in Nottingham you have come to the right place. Smilestyle dental centre have a team of dentist with over 20 years of dentistry experience. For more details about how Smilestyle dental centre can help with your dentistry requirements please call our Nottingham dental centre or alternatively please fill in our dental centre enquiry form. Why not take advantage of our complimentary treatment co-ordinator appointment and come and find out what we could do for you.